Chandrayaan 2 is the second lunar mission of India. India will become the fourth country in the world to achieve soft landing on the moon, after its successful launching. It is important to note that chandrayaan 2 is the first ever space mission by any country to explore the South Pole of the Moon.
Chandrayaan 2 is set to be launched on 15 July 2019.
The main objective of the Chandrayaan 2 is to explore the South polar region of the Moon.
The moon’s south polar region, has a lunar surface area much larger than that of the north pole and remains in Shadow.
Chandrayaan 2 is an Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) lunar mission. It comprises an obiter and lander (Vikram) carrying a rover (pragyan).
Chandrayaan 2 Mission will perform different types of studies on the moon, that includes topographical studies, mineralogical analysis and various other experiments.
Chandrayaan 2 will take nearly 54 days to reach to the moon’s surface after its launch on July 15. During these 54 days it will cover a distance of 3.84 lakh kilometres, the distance between the Earth and the Moon.
Rover will perform experiments on moon’s surface for one lunar day, which is equivalent to 14 Earth days.
Orbiter mission will extend for a period of one year.
Here it is worth noting, that GSLV MK III is the most powerful launcher of India and is fully designed and manufactured in India.
Orbiter and Lander “Vikram” was named after Vikram Sarabhai, the father of the Indian Space program.
Chandrayaan 2 will have 14 Indian payloads to conduct large variety of experiments on the surface of the moon.